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MSU Video Codecs Comparison 2020 Part 1: FullHD, objective

Fifteen Annual Video-Codecs Comparison by MSU

Video group head: Dr. Dmitriy Vatolin
Project head: Dr. Dmitriy Kulikov
Measurements, analysis: Dr. Mikhail Erofeev,
Anastasia Antsiferova,
Egor Sklyarov,
Alexander Yakovenko,
Nickolay Safonov

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Summary

TL;DR Download the report

This report presents the results of video codecs comparison using objective quality measurement. Main points of this test:

  • 50 FullHD videos
  • 20 video encoders of different standards (H.265/HEVC, AV1, H.264/AVC, and others)
  • 2 encoding use cases
    • Offline encoding (1 fps)
    • Online encoding (30 fps)
  • Metrics: SSIM, PSNR, VMAF (+ additional color-planes)

Offline (1 fps) Online (30 fps)
Best quality (SSIM) 1st: Aurora AV1 Encoder (AV1), BVC2.0
2nd: QAV1 (AV1)
3rd: Tencent V265 (HEVC), aom (AV1)
1st: Tencent V265
2nd: XCCZM265
3rd: S265
Best quality (VMAF) 1st: BVC2.0
2nd: Aurora AV1 Encoder (AV1)
3rd: Tencent V265 (HEVC)
1st: Tencent V265
2nd: BD265, XCCZM265
3rd: S265
Best quality (PSNR avg.log.) 1st: S265 (HEVC), BVC2.0
2nd: Tencent V265 (HEVC), S265 (HEVC)
3rd: Aurora AV1 Encoder (AV1)
1st: S265, Tencent V265
2nd: XCCZM265
3rd: BD265
Best quality (PSNR avg.MSE) 1st: BVC2.0
2nd: Aurora AV1 Encoder (AV1)
3rd: S265 (HEVC), Tencent V265 (HEVC),
QAV1 (AV1)
1st: Tencent V265, S265
2nd: XCCZM265
3rd: S265, BD265
Best speed-quality trade-off (SSIM)
The most frequent Pareto-optimal encoders for all videos
SIF Codec, Aurora AV1 Encoder, x264 Tencent V265

The biggest number of codecs took part in comparison of Offline encoding (1 fps). The winners vary for different objective quality metrics, the leaders for bith SSIM and VMAF metrics are: Aurora AV1 Encoder, BVC2.0 and Tencent V265. The participants were rated using BSQ-rate (enhanced BD-rate) scores [1].

[1] A. Zvezdakova, D. Kulikov, S. Zvezdakov, D. Vatolin, "BSQ-rate: a new approach for video-codec performance comparison and drawbacks of current solutions," 2020.

Download & Buy Report

Free version Enterprise version
Use cases Offline (1 fps) (partially) Offline (1 fps), Online (1 fps)
Per-sequence-results 1 of 50 sequences (only Offline use case) All 50 sequences for all use cases (in interactive charts)
Metric: YUV-SSIM YES YES
Videos YES
Only description
YES
Description and sources
Codec info YES
Developer, version
YES
Encoding presets, developer, version
Other objective metrics (in addition to YUV-SSIM) None
(only for overall scores)
YES
Y-VMAF(0.6.3), Y-SSIM, U-SSIM, V-SSIM, YUV-PSNR, Y-PSNR, U-PSNR, V-PSNR
Per-frame metrics results None YES
PDF report 48 pages 70 pages
HTML report 29 interactive charts 15000+ interactive charts
Price Free $950
Download PDF & HTML (17 MB)

PDF & HTML reports + videos description (ZIP, 17 MB)
Buy

You will receive enterprise versions of all 2020 reports (FullHD, Subjective, 4K)

Participated codecs

Codec name Use cases Standard Version
1 aom
AOMedia
Offline (1 FPS) AV1 2.0.0-287-g2aa13c436, Windows
2 Aurora AV1 Encoder
Visionular
Offline (1 FPS) AV1 2.0, Windows
3 BD265
Baidu Inc.
Offline (1 FPS),
Online (30 FPS)
H.265/HEVC 2.0, Windows
4 BVC2.0
Bytedance Inc.
Offline (1 FPS) Other V0, Windows
5 donkey
ChangKuoLao
Offline (1 FPS) AV1 0.4.2c-a60655ae, Windows
6 QAV1
iQIYI Inc.
Offline (1 FPS) AV1 v1.1, Linux
7 rav1e
The rav1e contributors
Offline (1 FPS) AV1 0.3.0 (p20200515), Windows
8 Reference x265
MulticoreWare, Inc.
Offline (1 FPS),
Online (30 FPS)
H.265/HEVC 3.3+21-6bb2d88029c2, Windows
9 S265 (bitrate & CRF modes)
Alibaba Group
Offline (1 FPS),
Online (30 FPS)
H.265/HEVC v5.0.2, Windows
10 SIF Codec
SIF Codec LLC
Offline (1 FPS),
Online (30 FPS)
SIF 1.91, Windows
11 SVT-AV1
Open Visual Cloud
Offline (1 FPS) AV1 v0.8.3, Windows
12 SVT-HEVC
Open Visual Cloud
Offline (1 FPS),
Online (30 FPS)
H.265/HEVC v1.4.3, Windows
13 SVT-VP9
Open Visual Cloud
Offline (1 FPS),
Online (30 FPS)
VP9 v0.2.0, Windows
14 sz265
RayShaper
Offline (1 FPS),
Online (30 FPS)
H.265/HEVC v1.0.0, Linux
15 Tencent V265
Tencent
Offline (1 FPS),
Online (30 FPS)
H.265/HEVC v1.4.5, Windows
16 VP9
The WebM Project
Offline (1 FPS) VP9 v1.8.2, Windows
17 x264
x264 project
Offline (1 FPS),
Online (30 FPS)
H.264/AVC 0.160.3000 33f9e14, Windows
18 x265
MulticoreWare, Inc.
Offline (1 FPS),
Online (30 FPS)
H.265/HEVC 3.3+33-3116be008af1, Windows
19 XCCZM265
XCCZM Codec Team
Offline (1 FPS),
Online (30 FPS)
H.265/HEVC v3.2_0607, Windows
20 xin26x
A Father (xin26x)
Offline (1 FPS),
Online (30 FPS)
H.265/HEVC 1.1, Windows

Comparison Rules


HEVC codec testing objectives

The main goal of this report is the presentation of a comparative evaluation of the quality of new HEVC codecs and codecs of other standards using objective measures of assessment. The comparison was done using settings provided by the developers of each codec. Nevertheless, we required all presets to satisfy minimum speed requirement on the particular use case. The main task of the comparison is to analyze different encoders for the task of transcoding video – e.g., compressing video for personal use.

Test Hardware Characteristics

  • CPU: Intel Socket 1151 Core i7 8700K (Coffee Lake) (3.7Ghz, 6C12T, TDP 95W)
  • Mainboard: ASRock Z370M Pro4
  • RAM: Crucial CT16G4DFD824A 2x16GB (totally 32 GB) DIMM DDR4 2400MHz CL15
  • OS: Windows 10 x64, Linux

For this platform we considered three key use cases with different speed requirements:

  • Online – 1080p@30fps
  • Offline – 1080p@1fps

See more on Call-for-codecs 2020 page

Videos

Videos for testing set were chosen from MSU video collection via a voting among comparison participants, organizers and an independend expert.

Number of videos in MSU video collection
Year # FullHD videos # FullHD samples # 4K videos # 4K samples Total # of videos Total # of samples
2016 3 7 882 2902 885 2909
2017 1996 4638 1544 4561 3540 9299
2018 4342 10330 1946 5503 6288 15833
2020 4945 12402 2091 6016 7036 18418

Bitrate distribution of videos in MSU video collection Videos bitrate distribution

Final video set consists of 50 sequences including new videos from Vimeo and media.xiph.org derf's collection.


Video sequences selection

Descriptions of all test videos are presented in a separate PDF provided with the report.


Codec Analysis and Tuning for Codec Developers and Codec Users


Computer Graphics and Multimedia Laboratory of Moscow State University:

  • 17+ years working in the area of video codec analysis and tuning using objective quality metrics and subjective comparisons.
  • 30+ reports of video codec comparisons and analysis (H.265, H.264, AV1, VP9, MPEG-4, MPEG-2, decoders' error recovery).
  • Methods and algorithms for codec comparison and analysis development, separate codec's features and codec's options analysis.

We could perform next tasks for codec developers and codec users.

Strong and Weak Points of Your Codec

  • Deep encoder parts analysis (ME, RC on GOP, mode decision, etc).
  • Weak and strong points for your encoder and complete information about encoding quality on different content types.
  • Encoding Quality improvement by the pre and post filtering (including technologies licensing).

Independent Codec Estimation Comparing to Other Codecs for Different Use-cases

  • Comparative analysis of your encoder and other encoders.
  • We have direct contact with many codec developers.
  • You will know place of your encoder between other newest well-known encoders (compare encoding quality, speed, bitrate handling, etc.).

Encoder Features Implementation Optimality Analysis

We perform encoder features effectiveness (speed/quality trade-off) analysis that could lead up to 30% increase in the speed/quality characteristics of your codec. We can help you to tune your codec and find best encoding parameters.

Thanks


Special thanks to the following contributors of our previous comparisons
Google Intel AMD NVidia
ATI Adobe ISPhone dicas
KDDI R&D labs Dolby Tata Elxsi Octasic
Qualcomm Voceweb Elgato Telecast
Huawei MainConcept Vitec Tencent

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Last updated: 07-June-2021


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